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Freeze Payments To Junta and Save Myanmar
#BloodMoneyMyanmar #FreezePaymentsToJunta #SanctionMOGE #Total_StopSponsoringSAC #Chevron_StopSponsoringSAC #BloodMoneyCampaignMM
What YOU can do!
- Organize actions at facilities owned by TotalEnergies or Chevron!
- Support theses petitions by signing and helping to spread them:
TOTAL – Stop being an Accessory to Murder!
Chevron – Stop Bankrolling the Myanmar Military!
President Biden – Stop Oil Companies from Bankrolling the Myanmar Military!
POSCO – Stop funding the Myanmar Military Junta!
- Send advocacy letters to CEOs and shareholders of TotalEnergies and Chevron! Download this pdf for details.
- Send letters to international government and EU councils to push for sanctions on MOGE!
- Reach out to media/press to inform about the Global Week of Action and encourage coverage.
- Social media: Use #BloodMoneyMyanmar and #BloodMoneyCampaignMM.
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Announce your activities in advance and share your reports: email@example.com | firstname.lastname@example.org
Why the oil and gas industry?
Revenues from the oil and gas companies are flowing through the state-owned Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) on to the military. MOGE is effectively a department of the Ministry of Electricity and Energy (MOEE) and has entered four joint ventures for four different offshore gas projects: Yadana Project (operated by TotalEnergies and Chevron), Shwe Project (operated by POSCO International), Zawtika Project (operated by PTTEP), as well as the Yetagun Project (operated by Petronas – but currently production is halted). Approximately 80% of the gas is exported by pipeline to Thailand or China. MOGE acts as the revenue collector for the state’s royalties, profit share, and bonuses. Following the coup in February the military has control over all government bank accounts, including MOGE’s accounts.
According to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) revenues and associated taxes from MOGE are the larges single source of foreign exchange available to the military. The oil and gas industry was forecasted to earn the MOGE revenues of about USD1.5 billion in 2020/2021 according to the Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry.
Each investor in the joint venture also pays 25% of corporate income tax on their net profit.
The Yandana Project is the only project with contracts that are publicly available. MOGE in its role as a state enterprise entered into a Production Sharing Contract (PSC) with three “contractors”: TotalEnergies (31% ownership); Unocal, now Chevron (28% ownership), and PTTEP (26% ownership). MOGE participates in the PSC as a fourth contractor with 15% ownership. The gas is sold to PTT, the Thai state oil company and parent of PTTEP.
The gas produced is transported via a 63km onshore pipeline to the Thai border. The pipeline is managed by the Moattama Gas Transportation Company (MGTC), whose shareholding mirrors the joint venture participation under the PSC. In 2017-2018, MGTC paid taxes to the government and dividends to MOGE of USD141 million. Under the original agreement, these dividend payments can only be paid with the approval of PTTEP. TotalEnergies and Chevron and TotalEnergies is responsible for arranging payment of MGTC’s taxes. On 12th May 2021, shareholders of MGTC voted to suspend all cash distributions due to the unstable context in Myanmar.
TotalEnergies has an additional role as the “Operator” of the upstream production and the pipeline. This means that TotalEnergies is in charge of the day to day on site operations. It also facilitates the gas sales to PTT by submitting an invoice as a “representative” of the parties to the PSC.
According to TotalEnergies’s reports to the EITI, which is reproduced in the table below, the company appears to make revenue payments to MOGE in cash for cost recovery, MOGE’s profit share, the state profit share, and royalties.
TotalEnergies’s and MOGE’s Memorandum of Understanding states that, apart from the gas that is retained for domestic use, all MOGE entitlements under the PSC will be “‘taken ‘in cash’, i.e. paid to Myanmar and MOGE by the Foreign Participants in the Projects.” (earthrights.org, see section 4(d) of the Memorandum of Understanding)
This would suggest that at least TotalEnergies, if not also PTTEP and Chevron, are taking the gas, selling it and have cash liability to MOGE.
It is estimated that around 50% of Myanmar’s foreign exchange now come from gas revenues. These revenues are likely to be crucial to the military’s ability to import fuel, weapons and equipment and its attempts to overcome the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) and assert control of the state.
All supporters of the Blood Money Campaign should pressure the companies involved!
1. Stop all revenue flows from international companies to the illegal military junta!
2. Freeze all payments designated for the Government of Myanmar until democracy is restored in Myanmar (keep payments in Escrow Accounts)!
3. International governments – implement sanctions against MOGE, whose accounts are now under the control of the military junta!
Social Media Campaign
A social media campaign can have a significant impact to pressure corporations like TotalEnergies and Chevron and involve them in diplomatic discussions.
Therefore we call on everybody to join from their social media accounts on October 30 and 31st. (Facebook + Twitter + Instagram):
- Take a picture with the “three finger salute sign” while you hold a paper displaying the three demands listed below. Then post it on your social media accounts.
- Wear black/white dress/shirt (or) paint red on white clothing to visualize blood stains; take photos and post them on social media.
- Make use of your own creativity (arts, videos, graphics, comics, cartoons, memes, etc) related to blood money campaign.
Here are the recommended demands to use in this protest:
Total, Chevron – Freeze all payments to Junta
Total, Chevron – Keep all payments in Escrow Account
International governments: Sanction MOGE
Make use of the following hashtags in your posts:
#FreezePaymentsToJunta #SanctionMOGE #BloodMoneyMyanmar #BloodMoneyCampaignMM #Total_StopSponsoringSAC #Chevron_StopSponsoringSAC #GMSRxBMC